chain of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Florida, northeast of Cuba

Geographic coordinates:
24 15 N, 76 00 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

total:13,880 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 161
land:10,010 sq km
water:3,870 sq km

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Connecticut

Land boundaries:
territorial sea:12 nm
exclusive economic zone:200 nm

tropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream

long, flat coral formations with some low rounded hills

Elevation extremes:
lowest point:Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point:Mount Alvernia on Cat Island 63 m

    Natural resources:
salt, aragonite, timber, arable land

Land use:
arable land:0.65%
permanent crops:0.29%
other:99.06% (2011)

Irrigated land:
10 sq km (2003)

Total renewable water resources:
0.02 cu km (2011)

Natural hazards:
hurricanes and other tropical storms cause extensive flood and wind damage

Environment - current issues:
coral reef decay; solid waste disposal

Environment - international agreements:
party to:Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified:none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic location adjacent to US and Cuba; extensive island chain of which 30 are inhabited

People and Society

noun: Bahamian(s)

Ethnic groups:
black 90.6%, white 4.7%, black and white 2.1%, other 1.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2010 est.)

English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)

Protestant 69.9% (includes Baptist 34.9%, Anglican 13.7%, Pentecostal 8.9% Seventh Day Adventist 4.4%, Methodist 3.6%, Church of God 1.9%, Brethren 1.6%), Roman Catholic 12%, other Christian 13% (includes Jehovah's Witness 1.1%), other 0.6%, none 1.9%, unspecified 2.6% (2010 est.)

321,834country comparison to the world: 179
note:estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years:23.2% (male 37,962/female 36,857)
15-24 years:17.4% (male 28,387/female 27,639)
25-54 years:44.1% (male 70,765/female 71,038)
55-64 years:8.3% (male 11,882/female 14,885)
65 years and over:7% (male 8,591/female 13,828) (2014 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio:40.9 %
youth dependency ratio:29.6 %
elderly dependency ratio:11.3 %
potential support ratio:8.9 (2014 est.)

Median age:
total:31.2 years
male:30.1 years
female:32.3 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:
0.87% (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 128

Birth rate:
15.65 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 126

Death rate:
7 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 133

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 97

urban population:84.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization:1.37% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
NASSAU (capital) 254,000 (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth:1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years:1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years:1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years:1 male(s)/female
55-64 years:0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over:0.62 male(s)/female
total population:0.96 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

    Maternal mortality rate:
47 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate:
total:12.5 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 124
male:12.51 deaths/1,000 live births
female:12.49 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population:71.93 yearscountry comparison to the world: 140
male:69.48 years
female:74.46 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.97 children born/woman (2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 130

Health expenditures:
7.7% of GDP (2011)

Physicians density:
2.82 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital bed density:
3.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking water source:
urban: 98.4% of population
rural: 98.4% of population
total: 98.4% of population
urban: 1.6% of population
rural: 1.6% of population
total: 1.6% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
urban: 92% of population
rural: 92% of population
total: 92% of population
urban: 8% of population
rural: 8% of population
total: 8% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
3.3% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 18

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
7,000 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 117

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
300 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 105

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
34.7% (2008)country comparison to the world: 13

Education expenditures:

definition:age 15 and over can read and write
total population:95.6%
female:96.5% (2003 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total:30.8%country comparison to the world: 25
female:32.2% (2012)


Country name:
conventional long form: Commonwealth of The Bahamas
conventional short form:The Bahamas

Government type:
constitutional parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

geographic coordinates:25 05 N, 77 21 W
time difference:UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time:+1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November

Administrative divisions:
31 districts; Acklins Islands, Berry Islands, Bimini, Black Point, Cat Island, Central Abaco, Central Andros, Central Eleuthera, City of Freeport, Crooked Island and Long Cay, East Grand Bahama, Exuma, Grand Cay, Harbour Island, Hope Town, Inagua, Long Island, Mangrove Cay, Mayaguana, Moore's Island, North Abaco, North Andros, North Eleuthera, Ragged Island, Rum Cay, San Salvador, South Abaco, South Andros, South Eleuthera, Spanish Wells, West Grand Bahama

10 July 1973 (from the UK)

National holiday:
Independence Day, 10 July (1973)

previous 1964 (preindependence); latest adopted 20 June 1973, effective 10 July 1973; amended many times, last in 2002; note - in 2012, a constitutional commission was appointed to review and recommend constitutional changes (2013)

Legal system:
common law system based on the English model

International law organization participation:
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt

18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:
chief of state:Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Arthur A. FOULKES (since 14 April 2010)
head of government:Prime Minister Perry CHRISTIE (since 8 May 2012)
cabinet:Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the prime minister's recommendation
elections:the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; the prime minister recommends the deputy prime minister

Legislative branch:
bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (16 seats; members appointed by the governor general upon the advice of the prime minister and the opposition leader to serve five-year terms) and the House of Assembly (38 seats; members elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms); the government may dissolve the parliament and call elections at any time
elections:last held on 7 May 2012 (next to be held by May 2017)
election results:percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PLP 30, FNM 8

Judicial branch:
highest court(s):The Bahamas Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and 4 justices, sitting in panels of 3 justices)
note - as of 2008, the Bahamas was not a party to the agreement establishing the Caribbean Court of Justice as the highest appellate court for the 15-member Caribbean Community (CARICOM); the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London) serves as the final court of appeal for the Bahamas
judge selection and term of office:Court of Appeal justices appointed by the governor-general on the advice of the prime minister and in consultation with the Judicial and Legal Services Commission; justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 68-70
subordinate courts:Supreme Court; Industrial Tribunal; Stipendiary and Magistrates Courts; Family Island Administrators

    Political parties and leaders:
Free National Movement or FNM [Hubert MINNIS]
Progressive Liberal Party or PLP [Perry CHRISTIE]

Political pressure groups and leaders:
Friends of the Environment

International organization participation:

Diplomatic representation in the US:
chief of mission:Ambassador Dr. Eugene Glenwood NEWRY (since 3 December 2013)
chancery:2220 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone:[1] (202) 319-2660
FAX:[1] (202) 319-2668
consulate(s) general:Atlanta, Miami, New York

Diplomatic representation from the US:
chief of mission:Ambassador (vacant); Charge d' Affaires John DINKELMAN (since November 2011)
embassy:42 Queen Street, Nassau, New Providence
mailing address:local or express mail address: P. O. Box N-8197, Nassau; US Department of State, 3370 Nassau Place, Washington, DC 20521-3370
telephone:[1] (242) 322-1181, 328-2206 (after hours)
FAX:[1] (242) 328-2206

Flag description:
three equal horizontal bands of aquamarine (top), gold, and aquamarine, with a black equilateral triangle based on the hoist side; the band colors represent the golden beaches of the islands surrounded by the aquamarine sea; black represents the vigor and force of a united people, while the pointing triangle indicates the enterprise and determination of the Bahamian people to develop the rich resources of land and sea

National symbol(s):
blue marlin; flamingo

National anthem:
name:'March On, Bahamaland!'

lyrics/music:Timothy GIBSON
note:adopted 1973; as a Commonwealth country, in addition to the national anthem, 'God Save the Queen' serves as the royal anthem (see United Kingdom)


Economy - overview:
The Bahamas is one of the wealthiest Caribbean countries with an economy heavily dependent on tourism and offshore banking. Tourism together with tourism-driven construction and manufacturing accounts for approximately 60% of GDP and directly or indirectly employs half of the archipelago's labor force. Financial services constitute the second-most important sector of the Bahamian economy and, when combined with business services, account for about 35% of GDP. Manufacturing and agriculture combined contribute less than a 10th of GDP and show little growth, despite government incentives aimed at those sectors. The economy of The Bahamas shrank at an average pace of 0.8% annually between 2007-2011, and tourism, financial services, and construction - pillars of the national economy - remain subdued. Conditions are improving in the tourism sector, however, due to steady foreign investment led activity. New resort and marina developments are likely to provide sustained employment opportunities.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$11.4 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 152
$11.19 billion (2012 est.)
$10.98 billion (2011 est.)
note:data are in 2013 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate):
$8.373 billion (2013 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
1.9% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 149
1.8% (2012 est.)
1.7% (2011 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$32,000 (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
$31,800 (2012 est.)
$31,500 (2011 est.)
note:data are in 2013 US dollars

Gross national saving:
14.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 112
19.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
17.8% of GDP (2011 est.)

GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption:68.7%
government consumption:15.5%
investment in fixed capital:34.4%
investment in inventories:0%
exports of goods and services:45.8%
imports of goods and services:-64.4%
(2013 est.)

GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
services:90.8% (2013 est.)

Agriculture - products:
citrus, vegetables; poultry

tourism, banking, oil bunkering, maritime industries, transshipment, salt, rum, aragonite, pharmaceuticals

Industrial production growth rate:
1.5% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 133

Labor force:
196,900 (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171

Labor force - by occupation:
other services:37% (2011 est.)

Unemployment rate:
16.2% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 145
14% (2012 est.)

    Population below poverty line:
9.3% (2010 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%:1%
highest 10%:22% (2007)

revenues:$1.41 billion
expenditures:$2.1 billion (2012 est.)

Taxes and other revenues:
16.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 183

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
-8.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 197

Fiscal year:
1 July - 30 June

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
1% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 26
2% (2012 est.)

Central bank discount rate:
4.5% (1 January 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 80
4.5% (31 December 2012 est.)

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
4.75% (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154
4.75% (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of narrow money:
$1.435 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 139
$1.575 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of broad money:
$6.329 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 121
$6.088 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of domestic credit:
$9.2 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 99
$8.653 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA (31 December 2012 est.)

Current account balance:
-$1.372 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 129
-$1.424 billion (2012 est.)

$960 million (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 162
$984 million (2012 est.)

Exports - commodities:
crawfish, aragonite, crude salt, polystyrene products

Exports - partners:
Singapore 25.1%, US 20.6%, Dominican Republic 12.9%, Ecuador 9.4%, Canada 5.8%, Switzerland 4.1%, China 4.1% (2012)

$3.245 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 144
$3.386 billion (2012 est.)

Imports - commodities:
machinery and transport equipment, manufactures, chemicals, mineral fuels; food and live animals

Imports - partners:
US 30.1%, India 20.3%, Singapore 8.7%, South Korea 6.8%, China 5%, Colombia 4.5%, Canada 4.2% (2012)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$830 million (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
$846.9 million (31 December 2012 est.)

Debt - external:
$17.56 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 85
$16.35 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Exchange rates:
Bahamian dollars (BSD) per US dollar -
1 (2013 est.)
1 (2012 est.)
1 (2010 est.)
1 (2008 est.)
1 (2007 est.)


Electricity - production:
1.93 billion kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 137

Electricity - consumption:
1.795 billion kWh (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 143

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119

Electricity - installed generating capacity:
493,000 kW (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 139

Electricity - from fossil fuels:
100% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7

Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 47

Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 159

Electricity - from other renewable sources:
0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156

Crude oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 153

Crude oil - exports:
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 84

Crude oil - imports:
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 159

    Crude oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 108

Refined petroleum products - production:
0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 122

Refined petroleum products - consumption:
36,300 bbl/day (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 111

Refined petroleum products - exports:
41,770 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 62

Refined petroleum products - imports:
64,600 bbl/day (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 61

Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 103

Natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 121

Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64

Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 159

Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 114

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
4.734 million Mt (2011 est.)


Telephones - main lines in use:
137,000 (2012)
country comparison to the world: 141

Telephones - mobile cellular:
254,000 (2012)
country comparison to the world: 176

Telephone system:
general assessment:modern facilities
domestic:totally automatic system; highly developed; the Bahamas Domestic Submarine Network links 14 of the islands and is designed to satisfy increasing demand for voice and broadband Internet services
international:country code - 1-242; landing point for the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber-optic submarine cable that provides links to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth stations - 2 (2007)

    Broadcast media:
2 TV stations operated by government-owned, commercially run Broadcasting Corporation of the Bahamas (BCB); multi-channel cable TV subscription service is available; about 15 radio stations operating with BCB operating a multi-channel radio broadcasting network alongside privately owned radio stations (2007)

Internet country code:

Internet hosts:
20,661 (2012)
country comparison to the world: 117

Internet users:
115,800 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 156


61 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 79

Airports - with paved runways
over 3,047 m:2
2,438 to 3,047 m:2
1,524 to 2,437 m:13
914 to 1,523 m:7 (2013)

Airports - with unpaved runways
1,524 to 2,437 m:4
914 to 1,523 m:16
under 914 m:
17 (2013)

1 (2013)

total:2,700 kmcountry comparison to the world: 170
paved:1,620 km
unpaved:1,080 km (2011)

    Merchant marine
total:1,160country comparison to the world: 10
by type:barge carrier 1, bulk carrier 238, cargo 170, carrier 2, chemical tanker 87, combination ore/oil 8, container 57, liquefied gas 71, passenger 102, passenger/cargo 26, petroleum tanker 225, refrigerated cargo 97, roll on/roll off 13, specialized tanker 2, vehicle carrier 61
foreign-owned:1,063 (Angola 6, Australia 1, Belgium 6, Bermuda 15, Brazil 1, Canada 96, Croatia 1, Cyprus 23, Denmark 69, Finland 8, France 15, Germany 30, Greece 225, Guernsey 6, Hong Kong 3, Indonesia 2, Ireland 3, Italy 1, Japan 88, Jordan 2, Kuwait 1, Malaysia 13, Monaco 8, Montenegro 2, Netherlands 23, Nigeria 2, Norway 186, Poland 34, Saudi Arabia 16, Singapore 7, South Korea 1, Spain 6, Sweden 11, Switzerland 1, Thailand 4, Turkey 3, UAE 23, UK 18, US 109)
registered in other countries:6 (Panama 6) (2010)

Ports and terminals
major seaport(s):Freeport, Nassau, South Riding Point
container port(s) (TEUs):Freeport (1,116,272)(2011)
cruise port(s):Nassau


Military branches
Royal Bahamas Defense Force: Land Force, Navy, Air Wing (2011)

Military service age and obligation
18 years of age for voluntary male and female service; no conscription (2012)

Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49:85,568 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49:63,429
females age 16-49:64,645 (2010 est.)

    Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
female:2,750 (2010 est.)

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international
disagrees with the US on the alignment of the northern axis of a potential maritime boundary

    Illicit drugs
transshipment point for cocaine and marijuana bound for US and Europe; offshore financial center
Information provided by CIA - The World Fact Book

Doing Business in Burkina Faso 2020

Burkina Faso Ease of Doing Business Rank: 151 Overall Score: 51.4
Starting a Business (rank) 88
Score 88.2
Procedures - Men (number) 3
Time - Men (number) 13
Cost - Men (days) 42.8
Procedures - Women (days) 3
Time - Women (% of income per capita) 13
Cost - Women (% of income per capita) 42.8
Paid in minimum capital (% of income per capita) 6.3
Dealing with Construction Permits (rank) 95
Score 68.7
Procedures (number) 15
Time (days) 121
Cost (% of warehouse value) 7.6
Building Quality Control Index(0-15) 12
Quality of building regulations index (0-2) 1
Quality control before construction index (0-1) 1
Quality control during construction index (0-3) 2
Quality control after construction index (0-3) 3
Liability and insurance regimes index (0-2) 2
Professional certifications index (0-4) 3
Getting Electricity (rank) 183
Score 29.4
Procedures (number) 4
Time (days) 169
Cost (% of income per capita) 8977.4
Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index (0-8) 0
Total duration and frequency of outages per customer a year (0-3) 0
Mechanisms for monitoring outages (0-1) 1
Mechanisms for restoring service (0-1) 1
Regulatory monitoring (0-1) 1
Financial deterrents aimed at limiting outages (0-1) 0
Communication of tariffs and tariff changes (0-1) 1
System average interruption duration index (SAIDI) ..
System average interruption frequency index (SAIFI) ..
Minimum outage time (in minutes) N/A
Price of electricity (US cents per kWh) 23.8
Registering Property (rank) 141
Score 51.4
Procedures (number) 4
Time (days) 67
Cost (% of property value) 11.9
Quality of land administration index (0-30) 12.5
Reliability of infrastructure index (0-8) 2
Transparency of information index (0-6) 4
Geographic coverage index (0-8) 0
Land dispute resolution index (0-8) 6.5
Equal access to property rights index (-2-0) 0
Getting credit (rank) 152
Score 30
Strength of legal rights index (0-12) 6
Depth of credit information index (0-8) 0
Getting Credit total score 6
Credit registry coverage (% of adults) 0
Credit bureau coverage (% of adults) 2
Protecting Minority Investors (rank) 120
Score 42
Extent of disclosure index (0-10) 7
Extent of director liability index (0-10) 1
Ease of shareholder suits index (0-10) 5
Extent of shareholder rights index (0-6) 4
Extent of ownership and control index (0-7) 2
Extent of corporate transparency index (0-7) 2
Strength of minority investor protection index (0-50) 21
Paying Taxes (rank) 154
Score 55.9
Payments (number per year) 45
Time (hours per year) 270
Total tax and contribution rate (% of profit) 41.3
Profit tax (% of profit) 16.2
Labor tax and contributions (% of profit) 21.4
Other taxes (% of profit) 3.6
Time to comply with VAT refund (hours) No VAT refund
Time to obtain VAT refund (weeks) No VAT refund
Time to comply with a corporate income tax correction (hours) 3
Time to complete a corporate income tax correction (weeks) 0
Postfiling index (0-100) 49.3
Trading across borders (rank) 122
Score 66.6
Time to export: Documentary compliance (hours) 84
Time to import: Documentary compliance (hours) 96
Time to export: Border compliance (hours) 75
Time to import: Border compliance (hours) 102
Cost to export: Documentary compliance (USD) 86
Cost to import: Documentary compliance 197
Cost to export: Border compliance (USD) 261
Cost to import: Border compliance (USD) 265
Enforcing contract (rank) 165
Score 41.1
Time (days) 446
Filing and service (days) 21
Trial and judgment (days) 196
Enforcement of judgment (days) 229
Cost (% of claim) 81.7
Attorney fees (% of claim) 53.6
Court fees (% of claim) 8.8
Enforcement fees (% of claim) 19.3
Quality of the judicial processes index (0-18) 7.5
Court structure and proceedings (0-5) 4
Case management (0-6) 1
Court automation (0-4) 0
Alternative dispute resolution (0-3) 2.5
Resolving Insolvency (rank) 109
Score 40.8
Outcome (0 as piecemeal sale and 1 as going concern) 0
Time (years) 4
Cost (% of estate) 21
Recovery rate (cents on the dollar) 23.6
Strength of insolvency framework index (0-16) 9
Commencement of proceedings index (0-3) 2
Management of debtor's assets index (0-6) 5.5
Reorganization proceedings index (0-3) 0.5
Creditor participation index (0-4) 1
Information provided by The World Bank Group