Posting Workers to Poland? Learn About Your Duties Before the Polish Authorities
by Magdalena Switajska, Employment & Global Mobility practice
Published: January, 2019
Submission: January, 2019
Wardynski & Partners Press
The Act on Posting of Employees for Performance of Services of 10 June 2016, implementing the Posting of Workers Directive (96/71/EC) and the Enforcement Directive (2014/67/EU), imposes anumber of obligations on foreign employers posting their employees to Poland which may prove difficult to implement in practice.
Who is covered by the obligations
The Polish act applies to foreign employers (those based in and conducting significant business in amember state of the European Union, as well as those based and operating in other countries) posting employees to Poland:
Minimum employment conditions
Under the act, foreign employers posting their employees to Poland must ensure them employment conditions no less favourable than those arising under the Polish Labour Code and other regulations governing the rights and obligations of employees with respect to:
For practical reasons, including unfamiliarity with the regulations in force in Poland and the inability to exercise actual control over employees’ working time and safety, foreign employers often conclude agreements with host entities in Poland involving cooperation in certain of the foregoing areas, or even handing over the performance of actions and tasks in certain of these areas (e.g. occupational health and safety).
Foreign employers posting their workers to Poland must also comply with arange of administrative obligations before the Polish authorities.
One of them is to file with the National Labour Inspectorate (PIP), no later than the date of commencement of the posting of an employee or employees, adeclaration with certain information concerning the details of the foreign employer, the host entity, the posted employees, and the conditions of their posting. The inspectorate must also be notified of any subsequent change in certain information provided in the declaration. Performing this obligation typically does not present difficulties, as the declaration may be submitted in person, by post, or online, in each case using aspecial form. It can also be filed by any of those routes by aproxy, enclosing the power of attorney.
Foreign employers must also designate aperson authorised to intermediate in contacts with the National Labour Inspectorate and to send and receive documents and notices. This person must be present in Poland during the period of posting of the workers. This person should be indicated in the declaration referred to above filed with PIP. This obligation can be somewhat problematic, particularly when workers posted to Poland are not accompanied by aperson coordinating their work or carrying out administrative duties. In such case, usually astaff member of the host entity should be selected for this role, concluding an appropriate agreement with the host entity.
For similar reasons, difficulties may also be presented by another obligation: to store certain documents in Poland, in paper or electronic form, during the posting period (the location for storage of these documents is also indicated in the declaration submitted to PIP). These documents include:
Foreign employers posting their employees to Poland are also required to provide access to these documents (if necessary with aPolish translation) at the request of the Chief Labour Inspectorate—during the period of posting, no later than 5 business days from receipt of the request from PIP, and after the end of the posting (for afurther 2 years), within 15 business days.
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