BIR issues regulation on spontaneous exchange of taxpayer-specific rulings
To this end, the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) consistently develops its EOI programme and has, in the past decade, circulated administrative issuances to facilitate EOI. It first issued Revenue Regulation No. 10-2010, which implemented Republic Act No. 10021 (ie, the Exchange of Information on Tax Matters Act of 2009). The latest of these issuances, Revenue Regulation No. 11-2022 (RR 11-2022), prescribed the guidelines and procedures for the spontaneous exchange of taxpayer-specific rulings pursuant to DTAs. It took effect on 23 July 2022.
Spontaneous exchange of relevant information on taxpayer-specific rulings (the transparency framework) is so named because it takes place without prompting or prior request. The transparency framework provides tax authorities "with access to timely information on rulings that have been [issued] to a foreign related party or a permanent establishment (PE) of their resident taxpayer". It may be used to conduct risk assessments and mitigate base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) concerns.
Scope of exchange
The transparency framework in the Philippines covers:
- past rulings — PE rulings or rulings concerning the existence or absence of a PE of a foreign enterprise in the Philippines that were issued during the following periods:
- 1 January 2015 to 31 August 2017; and
- 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2014, provided the rulings were still in effect as of 1 January 2015; and
- future rulings — rulings issued beginning 1 September 2017 and regarding:
- rulings related to a preferential regime;
- cross-border unilateral advance pricing arrangements (APAs) and any other cross-border unilateral tax ruling (eg, an advance tax ruling) covering transfer pricing or the application of transfer pricing principles;
- cross-border rulings giving a unilateral downward adjustment to the taxpayer's taxable profits in the country giving the ruling;
- PE rulings; and
- related party conduit rulings.
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