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Investing in the Slovenian Automotive Production Industry
Karanovic & Partners, June 2019

This article was written by Igor Angelovski and was originally published in Issue 6.2 of the CEE Legal Matters Magazine. “If you are a company conducting business in the automotive industry with intentions of expanding on the European market, where do you look? The answer may be the Central European country of Slovenia...

Fake Meat Good, Fake News Bad
TSMP Law Corporation, June 2019

For businesses who care about their brands, Pofma may be not be such a bad idea after all.Beyond Meat Inc. makes cows happy and cardiologists sad. Its Beyond Burger uses no meat and has no cholesterol, and contains less fat, fewer calories and more protein than a typical burger...

Canadian Trademark Law is Changing This Year – What You Need to Know Now
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, May 2019

Trademark law in Canada is undergoing a major change this year that will go into effect on June 17, 2019.  We have compiled the three things you need to know and important steps you may want to take before the June 17, 2019 date passes.  1...

Tariff Increase for $200B of Chinese Imports Announced and Process for Importers to Request an Exemption Forthcoming
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, May 2019

The Trump administration’s significant escalation of the trade dispute with China after months-long U.S.-China trade talks have faltered is a major news headline as the week concludes. The U.S. followed through on its warnings and increased tariffs on an estimated $200 billion of Chinese goods from 10 percent to 25 percent starting May 10th. At the same time, the U.S. announced importers will be able to apply for an exemption from these tariffs...

Marine Finfish Aquaculture: A New Environmental Framework
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, May 2019

The Scottish Government, SEPA and industry have identified significant opportunities for the growth of the finfish aquaculture sector in Scotland. This expansion is an express policy objective of the Scottish Government, and was confirmed through the National Marine Plan published in 2015. Nevertheless, whilst there has been some growth in the sector since the plan’s publication, the sector has yet to realise its full potential...

Brexit Breathing Space for Food Business Operators
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, May 2019

Whatever your views on Brexit, the deferment of the UK’s leaving date from the EU provided British industry some welcome breathing space to prepare for Brexit. Given the issues that still divide the two main political parties, the UK may yet leave the EU without a deal on 31 October...

Five Things a Buyer of a Rural Property Needs to Know
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, May 2019

Scotland’s countryside offers a vast range of property investment options, from houses and cottages to farms and country estates. However, when buying a rural property it is important to consider various issues that may be taken for granted in the purchase of a property in an urban area. 1...

Diligence: Early Involvement Pays
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, April 2019

Coordinating cross-border due diligence is a key skill that more often than not underpins complex, multi-jurisdictional merger and acquisitions (M&A) and private equity (PE)-led transactions. Where due diligence really adds value is in the early stages of the transaction, when local knowledge and expertise are vital to understanding the context of data room information...

Stopping Issues from Becoming Crises: Best Practice for Food Business Operators
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, April 2019

The presence of a small amount of undeclared sesame in a particular product may seem trivial but, for those who are allergic, it can provoke a major reaction. Such was the predicament faced by Pret a Manger in July 2016, following the death of Natasha Ednan-Laperouse that same month due to the undeclared presence of sesame in a Pret baguette...

Change is Coming to the Landed Estates in Scotland
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, April 2019

TheScottish Land Commission recently published their reportinto what it describes as the issues associated with largescale and concentrated land ownership in Scotland. The report draws a number of conclusions and makes recommendations to the Scottish Government about potential future legislative change that might have far-reaching consequences for rural land ownership...

Amazon: Lessons from the World's Biggest Brand
ENSafrica, April 2019

Some brands simply seem to play a major role in our lives – Apple, Facebook, Google, Netflix. These are brands that for many of us have become something of an ever present. One brand that surely belongs on that list is Amazon, one of the most important, influential and high-profile brands in the world. Brand Finance recently declared Amazon to be the world’s most valuable brand, valuing it at USD 50 billion. So, it makes sense to keep abreast of what is going on there...

Rights of Access vs Right to Privacy
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, February 2019

The public rights of access on and over land, enshrined in the Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003, have now been around for almost 14 years. They allow all members of the public a responsible right of access on and across land and inland water throughout the country, often informally referred to as the right to roam. Certain parts of land may be excluded from the rights of access under the Act: restrictions may be allowed, for example, due to planned forestry operations...

Are Prayer Outfits Eligible for Copyright Protection?
Shearn Delamore & Co., January 2019

Some may be wondering what a “telekung” is as it is probably not a common term. A Telekung is a Muslim prayer outfit for females. The general perception of prayer outfits is that they are dull and unfashionable as they have to be modest rather than trendy. However, there has been a drastic shift in the fashion industry in recent years where there are an increasing number of fashionable yet modest clothes in both local and international markets...

McDonald's: No Longer the Big Cheese after Losing Big Mac Trade Mark Battle with Supermac's
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, January 2019

In a landmark decision, the European Union Intellectual Property Office (‘EUIPO’) has ruled that McDonald’s, one of the world’s largest fast food chains, will lose its EU trade mark for “Big Mac”...

It's Still Gray: The 2018 Farm Bill and the Legality of CBD Under Federal Law
Haynes and Boone, LLP, January 2019

President Trump recently signed the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (also known as the 2018 Farm Bill) and the cannabis industry quickly and widely celebrated passage as clearing the way to sell products containing cannabidiol (better known as CBD). But is it really? As one might expect, this lawyer’s answer is that “it depends.”CBD has become known for its purported health benefits in relation to a wide range of conditions...

Online Retail Sector Increasingly Targeted by the Competition Authorities
Simonsen Vogt Wiig AS, December 2018

The online retail sector has seen a considerable increase in intervention by the competition authorities both on a national level and in Brussels. Most recently, in December 2018, the European Commission fined the clothing company Guess € 39.8 million for applying online sales and advertising restrictions...

Covered by the Clean Water Act and WOTUS? Maybe Not Anymore.
Schwabe, Williamson & Wyatt, December 2018

In December of 2018, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) released their much-anticipated draft proposed rule to re-write the definition of “waters of the United States” (WOTUS) (“2018 Rule”). The definition of WOTUS establishes the scope of agency jurisdiction over waters and wetlands under the Clean Water Act (CWA)...

The NFUS Joint Venture Hub: Match-Making for a New Agricultural Future
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, December 2018

The National Farmers Union, Scotland (NFUS) Joint Venture Hub is designed to act as a match-maker, bringing together enterprising individuals – some of whom have land and some of whom don’t – with a view to pooling their resources to farm together for profit. The Hub can be accessed online via this link. One of the possible vehicles for pursuing a joint venture is by entering into a share farming agreement...

FDA Releases Medical Device De Novo Pathway Proposed Rule
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, December 2018

On December 7, 2018, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released a Proposed Rule that clarifies procedures and criteria for the de novo medical device clearance pathway.  In a statement accompanying the Proposed Rule, FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb stated FDA believes the Proposed Rule will help facilitate classification of innovative low- to moderate-risk novel medical devices by providing more structure, clarity, and transparency to the de novo pathway...

Amendment of The General Rules on Sales at a Loss and Removal of Franchiser and Distance Sales Company Registers
Veirano Advogados, December 2018

The government has approved, by royal decree-law, a legal reform introducing a number of changes to the Retail Trade Law. Royal Decree-Law 20/2018, of December 7, 2018, on urgent measures to foster economic competitiveness in the industrial and trading sectors in Spain, published in the Official State Gazette last Saturday, December 8, amends Retail Trade Law 7/1996, of January 15,1996...

EU Publishes Amendments to VAT Legislation Affecting Intra-Community Trade
Garrigues, December 2018

Call-off stock or consignment stock is specifically regulated, changes are introduced into chain sales, and requirements are laid down for applying the exemption to intra-Community supplies of goods...

Supreme Court Ruling on Critical Habitat in Dusky Gopher Frog Case
Schwabe, Williamson & Wyatt, December 2018

The Supreme Court has handed down one of the most anticipated Endangered Species Act (ESA) rulings in recent years. In Weyerhaeuser Co. v. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Serv., the Supreme Court unanimously overruled the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, holding that the Fish and Wildlife Service can only designate property that is “habitat” as critical habitat under the ESA...

BIS Requests Public Comment on Emerging Technologies to be Subject to Increased Export Controls
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, November 2018

On Nov. 19, 2018, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) of the U.S. Department of Commerce issued an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking[1] requesting public comment on criteria for identifying emerging technologies essential to U.S. national security that would be subject to increased export controls...

The Importance of Registering A Franchise With the Registrar of Franchises - Malaysia
Shearn Delamore & Co., November 2018

This case highlights the importance of registering a franchise with the Registrar of Franchises and the consequences of not doing so. In particular, the effect and applicability of section 6(1) of the Franchise Act 1998 (“FA 1998”) are discussed. Facts The subject matter was “Dr. Fong’s Method” of teaching mathematics to students in primary and secondary school, which was developed by Dr. Fong Ho Kheong (“Dr. Fong”). Dr...

China Passes New E-Commerce Law - A "Safe Harbour" With Chinese Characteristics
Deacons, November 2018

In less than a decade, China has become the largest e-commerce market in the world, accounting for over 40% of global e-commerce according to a recent report by McKinsey. The breath-taking speed of development has left law makers scrambling to regulate the booming e-commerce industry...

Manufacturer CMP and 340B Ceiling Price Rule to Become Effective on January 1, 2019
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, November 2018

Today the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) that will end HRSA’s delays in implementing a January 5, 2017 final rule concerning 340B drug price calculations and civil monetary penalties (CMPs) against manufacturers who knowingly and intentionally overcharge 340B covered entities for 340B drugs (the Final Rule)...

SCOTUS Changes To Sales Tax Will Ripple Through to PE, VC & M&A Deals Involving Retailers
Lowenstein Sandler LLP, October 2018

Retailers have taken note of the dramatic shift in state sales tax law emerging from one of Justice Anthony Kennedy’s last Supreme Court decisions. As different states announce legislative and regulatory changes throughout the summer, retailers are scrambling and we’re now seeing the impact in venture capital, private equity, and merger and acquisition transactions involving commerce companies. On June 21, 2018 the U.S. Supreme Court decided South Dakota v...

Brave New Wheels? Potential Uses for Blockchain Technology in Auto Finance
Dykema, October 2018

Cryptocurrencies have captured the imaginations of individuals and emerging businesses drawn to their potential to serve as alternative stores of value, to reduce transaction costs by eliminating intermediaries. Most notably in popular culture and media - to provide eye-catching opportunities for speculative investing...

Scotland in 2050: Rural and Agriculture - Navigating Uncertainties to Realize Opportunities
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, October 2018

To coincide with its 250th anniversary, Shepherd and Wedderburn commissioned the University of Strathclyde’s Fraser of Allander Institute to consider the future challenges and, more importantly, opportunities for Scotland’s economy...

Acquiring Rights of Way by Prescription
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, October 2018

In Scots law, it is possible to acquire certain rights to land – access, for instance – simply by the passage of time. This process is known as “prescription” and is outlined in the Prescription and Limitation (Scotland) Act 1973. There are two forms of prescription: positive and negative. Negative prescription extinguishes certain rights after a period of time...

Lawyering Cashierless Technologies
Hunton Andrews Kurth LLP, October 2018

Brick and mortar retailers are rapidly diversifying checkout and payment methods to combat the erosion of sales to online channels and provide an improved shopping experience for consumers. From self-checkout kiosks, to store-specific mobile applications for payment, scan-as-you-go devices, and even ‘just walk out’ models, retailers are reinventing consumer’s notions of the traditional checkout line by going cashierless...

Essential Freshwater. Essential Changes?
MinterEllisonRuddWatts, October 2018

The Minister for the Environment and Minister for Agriculture have released a freshwater work programme called Essential Freshwater: Healthy Water, Fairly Allocated that is designed to get results before the next election. The freshwater programme sets out the Government’s three main objectives: - stopping further degradation and loss of New Zealand’s freshwater resources, waterways and ecosystems;- reversing past damage; and- addressing water allocation issues...

From Digital to Physical: New Considerations for Retail Leasing with the Rise of E-Commerce into Physical Spaces
Hunton Andrews Kurth LLP, October 2018

The rise of e-commerce and the struggle many brick-and-mortar retail stores face is nothing new.  Customers are increasingly choosing to shop for clothes, furniture and even groceries from the convenience of their own homes. More recently, however, this shift in the way consumers shop has given rise to new types of retail stores – small showrooms and “pop-up shops...

Cabin Fever: Return of the Hut
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, September 2018

Not-for-profit Reforesting Scotland’s "Thousand Huts" campaign has spearheaded the regrowth of the hutting community, previously almost entirely eradicated by increasingly strict building regulations. The new Building (Miscellaneous Amendments) (Scotland) Regulations 2017 sets out the framework for ecologically sustainable hut development. What is a Hut? A hut must be a single storey building used as recreational accommodation...

Gender-Neutral Construction Contracts: The Future Norm?
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, September 2018

Lawyers are often criticised for using overly complex legal and technical wording in contracts. The purpose of a contract is, amongst other things, to clearly set out the rights and obligations of the contracting parties, and to limit uncertainty during the particular project. To this end, it is important to use plain English in contract drafting and as a general rule, to use short sentences, defined terms and a clear and logical structure...

Exemption Requests and Deadlines for US Casualties of the Escalating Trade War
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, September 2018

Months into the United States’ trade dispute with China, and there is no end in sight to the dispute.  There are three significant deadlines for U.S. importers to consider involving the tariffs the U.S...

Impact of CA Prop. 65 on Manufacturers and How They Can Use the New "Safe Harbor" Warning Provisions That Became Operative
Hunton Andrews Kurth LLP, September 2018

California’s “Prop. 65”1 is the law responsible for the ubiquitous chemical warning labels and signs that California consumers encounter on a daily basis. At its core, Prop. 65 prohibits businesses with 10 or more employees from knowingly and intentionally exposing Californian’s to chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer or reproductive harm without first providing them a “clear and reasonable” warning...

From Footfall to Clicks - The Experts Talk Retail Risk
Shoosmiths LLP, September 2018

Over the last few years, news that some of the nation's most iconic retail stores have closed has become more frequent. Yesterday, Poundworld entered administration. Last week, House of Fraser announced it would be closing 31 stores, many of which are in some the UK's largest cities. It is no secret that many retailers have been adversely affected by the shopping habits of consumers, ever since the advent of a new pastime - buying online...

California Supreme Court Ruling Favoring Product Manufacturers Echoes Amicus Brief
Haynes and Boone, LLP, September 2018

Earlier this year, in Kim v. Toyota Motor Corp., the California Supreme Court delivered a significant win to product manufacturers concerning the admissibility of industry custom and practice evidence in a strict product liability design defect action. Haynes and Boone, LLP Partner M.C...

New Zealand's Largest Forestry Acquisition Goes Ahead
MinterEllisonRuddWatts, September 2018

Australian sustainable forestry company, OneFortyOne Plantation’s (OFO) purchase of Nelson Forests completed this week, following approval by the Overseas Investment Office. Nelson Forests, was owned by investment funds advised by Global Forest Partners LP (GFP), and is a vertically-integrated plantation and sawmill business in the Nelson Tasman and Marlborough regions of New Zealand...

Retail Industry on High Alert After $289 Million Glyphosate Verdict Against Monsanto
Hunton Andrews Kurth LLP, September 2018

Weeks after a federal judge called the science behind the alleged carcinogenicity of glyphosate “shaky,” a California state court jury hammered Monsanto with a $289 million verdict, connecting a former groundskeeper’s non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma to his exposure to the Roundup® chemical. Earlier this year the verdict in Johnson v. Monsanto Co., No...

New Changes to California Prop 65: What Oregon and Washington Manufacturers Must Do to Comply
Schwabe, Williamson & Wyatt, September 2018

As a business owner in the Pacific Northwest, you likely have heard of the changes to California’s regulations regarding warning labels on consumer products, Proposition 65, which takes effect August 30, 2018.  Your business may be affected by the changes if your business conducts any consumer product-related business in California...

Challenging an Award of the Industrial Court
Shearn Delamore & Co., August 2018

The Industrial Court is a creature of statute. In determining a particular dispute, the Industrial Court must act in accordance with the purposes and express provisions of the Industrial Relations Act 1967 (“Act”). The Court must also act according to “equity, good conscience and the substantial merits of the case without regard to technicalities and legal form” [1]...

Providing for Concurrent Delay: Contract Provision Trumps Common Law Principle
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, August 2018

In North Midland Building Ltd v Cyden Homes Ltd, the Court of Appeal held that an express contractual term allowing an employer to levy liquidated damages for periods of concurrent delay took precedence over a common law principle known as the prevention principle. Background Cyden Homes Limited (CH) employed a contractor, North Midland Building Limited (NMB), to design and build a large house in the Midlands, under a JCT Design and Build construction contract...

A New Hurdle in Prop. 65 Compliance: Inter-Supply Chain Information Requests
Verrill Dana, LLP, August 2018

Most industry professionals are aware that a revised set of California Proposition 65 or “Prop. 65” regulations will take effect at the end of the month on August 30, 2018.  Prop. 65 is a so-called right-to-know statute that, among other things, requires manufacturers and retailers to provide any California consumer with a “clear and reasonable” warning prior to exposure to a chemical identified on a list developed and maintained by a California agency...

Enforcing Give-and-Take Arrangements
MinterEllisonRuddWatts, August 2018

The difficulty surrounding the enforcement of unwritten give-and-take arrangements was recently demonstrated in the case of Hikurangi Forest Farms Limited v Negara Developments Limited [2018] NZHC 607 (the Hikurangi case). Give-and-take arrangements Give-and-take arrangements are a response to situations where the rugged topography of rural land makes it impractical to erect a fence along the legal title boundary between two properties...

Louboutin Wins Case to Defend Red-Soled Shoes as a Trademark
Wardynski & Partners, August 2018

The European Court of Justice (CJEU) has ruled that Christian Louboutin’s famous red sole does not consist solely of ashape that significantly increases the value of aproduct, and therefore can be registered as atrademark. This is an important victory for the fashion designer in the long-running battle concerning red-soled shoes...

Manufacturing and Consent: Issues With Prefabrication at Scale
MinterEllisonRuddWatts, July 2018

This month in our Prefab series we take a glimpse at how the current building consent regime applies to prefabrication at scale – manufacturing at home or offshore. Manufacturing homes at scale – Multiproof The Building Act 2004 provides for what is commonly referred to as MultiProof approval...

Blockchain in The Agri Sector
MinterEllisonRuddWatts, July 2018

Operators in the New Zealand agricultural sector are likely to have heard of blockchain, the technology that underpins Bitcoin, and will be starting to see the very real application for blockchain in supply chain management.  As the interest in blockchain technology increases in numerous sectors, it is agri-business which is one of the sectors that seems set to see significant transformational benefits from its adoption...

The Halal Market and Agribusiness Investment
Veirano Advogados, July 2018

The international trading market is currently quite favorable to commodity-producing countries such as Brazil. In recent months, the Bloomberg Commodity Index, which tracks daily the performance of main commodities, closed at US$89.49, 1.5% higher than it was at lhe end of 2017 and 6.73% higher than it was 12 months ago...

 

 

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