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PLMJ | November 2003

From among the innovations brought by the Labour Code, noteworthy is the express recognition of what are known as “personality rights” set forth in Articles 15 to 21 of the Code. To be considered, however, is that our legal system has long acknowledged the existence of this category of rights, which characteristically encompass the vital aspects of human personality and are acquired at birth and, as such, classifies such rights as universal ...

PLMJ | November 2003

From among the special forms of contracting employment, special reference should be made, as it is an innovation, to the possibility of an employee being bound simultaneously to several employers provided there are corporate or organisation relations between them, by way of a contract in writing stating which of the employers represents the others in the performance thereof. Where these requirements are not met, the employee will be free to choose to which employer he/she wishes to be bound ...

PLMJ | November 2003

Many amendments have been made by the Labour Code in the area of working hours. One of the most relevant is the possibility of regular working hours being established in terms of an average, subject to an agreement being reached between the employer and the employee ...

PLMJ | November 2003

The issues of holidays, public holidays and absences governed by the provisions of Decree-Law no. 874/76 of 28 December have also been subject to significant changes in the new Labour Code, where they are addressed in Articles 208 to 232, 255 and 259 ...

PLMJ | November 2003

In the area of salary, to be emphasised is that the Code has established that the calculation of supplementary and fringe benefits must be based on the basic salary and length of service payments. Also noteworthy are the new rules relating to special pay for exemption from regular working hours, which is after all justified by the fact that the Code provides for three different forms of exemption (vide III above) ...

PLMJ | November 2003

The amendments made to occupational mobility, also known as functional polyvalence, are quite significant and resorting to this mechanism has become more flexible. This matter, which was governed by Article 22 (rendering of work by the employee not included or object of his/her contract) of the Employment Contract Law, is now addressed by Article 151 (Performance of Duties), Article 152 (Effects on Remuneration) and Article 314 (Occupational Mobility) of the Code ...

PLMJ | November 2003

In terms of geographical mobility, the Labour Code has maintained the prohibition of the employer transferring the employee to another workplace, save where the interests of the company so require and this change does not entail a serious loss for the employee, where the transfer results from the total or partial moving of the establishment where the employee works, in the cases provided for in collective bargaining agreements or where the employee agrees to the transfer ...

PLMJ | November 2003

The system applicable to the transfer of a company or part thereof set forth in Articles 318 to 321 of the Labour Code is aimed at rendering this system compatible with Community Law, notably with Council Directive of 12 March 2001, which focuses on this issue on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the safeguarding of employees' rights in the event of transfers of companies or establishments ...

PLMJ | November 2003

The Labour Code has not made profound changes to the system governing the termination of employment contracts ...

PLMJ | November 2003

The system governing collective bargaining is that which the Code has changed the most. Among these changes, the most important is undoubtedly the provisions applicable to the survival of collective agreements. Under the prevailing law, once a collective bargaining agreement had reached its term, it would remain in force for an unlimited period of time until it was replaced by a new one ...

Haynes and Boone, LLP | October 2003

Introduction: On March 4, 2003, the United States Supreme Court issued its unanimous decision, written by Justice John Paul Stevens, regarding the Federal Trademark Dilution Act (“FTDA”) ...

Haynes and Boone, LLP | August 2003

California Law Requires Telling Your Customers That You've Been Hacked A new California Law (Assembly Bill No. 700, Chapter 1054) went into effect on July 1, 2002 that requires companies who conduct business in California to notify their California-resident customers if their unencrypted personel information may have been stolen as a result of a security breach ...

Haynes and Boone, LLP | July 2003

Technology Update Authors Brian D. Barnard Randall E. Colson M. Ann Newton Related Practice Groups Intellectual Property A new California Law (Assembly Bill No. 700, Chapter 1054) went into effect on July 1, 2002 that requires companies who conduct business in California to notify their California-resident customers if their unencrypted personel information may have been stolen as a result of a security breach ...

Haynes and Boone, LLP | July 2003

On May 28, 2003, the U.S. Department of Labor ("DoL") issued proposed regulations on COBRA continuation coverage notice requirements. The proposed regulations include content standards for each type of required notice and provide sample forms for certain of the required notices. This Alert focuses on the significant changes applicable to single employer health plans. Even though they are only proposed, the regulations are important for a number of reasons ...

Haynes and Boone, LLP | June 2003

Five years ago your CEO told you that your company had to have a “web” strategy. So, you learned everything about the Internet. You hired specialty law firms, bought software, and entered into web development and hosting agreements. You mastered all the web lingo. Now, all of that is passé ...

Asters | May 2003

The Internet is a rather young, but a very popular source of information for Ukrainian businesses and consumers. The Internet segment of the market has been actively developed recently and has acquired a high level of commercialization. According to the Ukrainian mass media, the number of Internet users in the Ukraine increased by over 70 % in 2002 ...

Haynes and Boone, LLP | April 2003

A recent U.S. Court of Appeals decision underscores the importance to plan administrators of maintaining proper procedures for the distribution of summary plan descriptions (SPD’s) under ERISA. Each participant in a plan which is subject to ERISA must be furnished an SPD satisfying ERISA’s content requirements within 90 days after he or she becomes a participant ...

Haynes and Boone, LLP | March 2003

Now that the 60-day deadline for filing new legislation without suspension of the rules has passed, for all practical purposes all legislation that will be offered this session has now been filed. Bills that could impact Texas employers generally, are listed by bill number and contain author, the committee the bill has been referred to, and any action that has been taken. House of Representatives H.B ...

Haynes and Boone, LLP | March 2003

Supreme Court resolves Circuit split by setting forth standard that owners of famous trademarks must prove “actual dilution” as opposed to “likelihood of dilution” in order to prevail on a Federal Trademark Dilution Act (FTDA) claim.The Supreme Court handed down its decision in the Moseley dba Victor’s Little Secret v ...

Haynes and Boone, LLP | February 2003

The Department of Labor (“DoL”) has issued final rules that implement the pension blackout provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Act”). These rules require plan administrators of individual account plans to deliver advance notice of blackout periods and will be effective for blackouts which begin on or after January 26, 2003 ...

Haynes and Boone, LLP | January 2003

Florida West Coast Employee Benefits Council This outline looks at the privacy regulations as modified by the August 14, 2002, final modifications and how they apply to group health plans. This outline also considers the impact of the guidance issued by the Office of Civil Rights of the Department of Health and Human Services on December 4, 2002 ...

Haynes and Boone, LLP | January 2003

Florida West Coast Employee Benefits Council The following chart attempts to summarize some of the types of group health plans and which of the HIPAA privacy notice and administrative requirements apply to the plan. No one should rely on this as legal advice. In every situation, the application of the rules requires careful analysis of one's own counsel who is familiar with your particular situation ...

Haynes and Boone, LLP | January 2003

I. Why now? The rapidly increasing cost of health care, with the resulting increase in the cost of employer-provided health benefit plans, has caused employers to search for ways to contain their health plan expenses. Rising costs, along with general employee dissatisfaction with the lack of choice of health care providers under many plans and the perceived lack of quality within many of the networks available to employees, has created an environment ripe for new ideas ...

Haynes and Boone, LLP | November 2002

The Internal Revenue Service previously announced that in order for qualified retirement plans to be in compliance with the requirements of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (“EGTRRA”), those plans must make the necessary good faith amendments by the later of (i) the last day of the plan year in which the EGTRRA changes apply, or (ii) the end of the GUST remedial amendment period for the plan. For most plans, the EGTRRA changes apply for the 2002 plan year ...

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