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Does Section 187(1)(c) of the LRA Apply to Individual Dismissals?
ENSafrica, August 2019

Section 187(1)(c) of the South African Labour Relations Act, 1995 (“LRA”) has always been controversial because of the interplay between the definition of automatically unfair dismissals, employers’ rights to terminate contracts of employment on the basis of operational requirements and the institution of collective bargaining...

Tread Carefully: Insubordination and Insolence can Easily be Confounded
ENSafrica, August 2019

Unfair dismissal disputes arising from allegations of insubordination have had their fair share of attention from South African arbitrators and the courts. The latest of these decisions is that of the Labour Court in Naicker v Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration and Others. The employee in this matter, Ms Naicker, was employed by Africa Flight Services (a cargo handler) as a customer service agent...

The Reciprocal Duty of Good Faith Undercuts Derivative Misconduct
ENSafrica, August 2019

  For the first time in employment law jurisprudence, the South African Constitutional Court has considered the nature and scope of the duty of good faith within the context of the contract of employment. This occurred in its recent decision inNUMSA obo Nganezi & Others v Dunlop Mixing and Technical Services (Pty) Ltd & Others. Factual background During August 2012, Dunlop’s employees embarked on a protected strike...

Dismissing an Employee for Dishonesty During a Disciplinary Hearing or Arbitration Proceeding  
ENSafrica, August 2019

  Dishonesty in the workplace can take various forms, including theft of the employer’s property (or that of fellow employees), fraudulent conduct, such as submitting incorrect time sheets, lying to managers and other unethical conduct...

Multinationals are Now Able to Second their Employees to Rwanda
ENSafrica, August 2019

  Rwanda has adopted a ministerial order implementing the law on immigration and emigration, introducing various changes to the Rwandan immigration and emigration landscape. The ministerial order provides for a new type of work/residence permit (the Q1 permit), which allows the secondment of employees of multinationals to their subsidiaries and/or branches in Rwanda without employees being required to enter into employment contracts with a Rwandan company...

New Decision May Deprive Commissioner Discretion to Refuse Legal Representation in CCMA and Bargaining Council Arbitration Proceedings
ENSafrica, August 2019

  A recent landmark decision of the of the South African Metal and Engineering Industries Bargaining Council could see Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (“CCMA”) commissioners stripped of their discretion in granting legal representation for those involved in unfair dismissal disputes arising from misconduct or incapacity...

DIFC Courts Pierce Veil of Incorporation in Employment/Marital Dispute
Afridi & Angell, July 2019

The DIFC Small Claims Tribunal (SCT), a branch of the DIFC Courts, has in a rare (if not first of its kind) judgement, pierced the corporate veil of a DIFC incorporated company to look into its shareholding and key individuals in the case of AS World Group Holding Ltd. Vs Anna Calkins [DIFC SCT 116/2019]. Overview of dispute AS World Group Holding Ltd (Claimant), filed proceedings against Ms...

The New DIFC Employment Law: Key Changes
Afridi & Angell, June 2019

On 12 June 2019, the Dubai International Financial Centre (the DIFC) announced the enactment of DIFC Law 2 of 2019 (the New DIFC Employment Law) to replace the existing DIFC Law 4 of 2005 (the Old DIFC Employment Law). The New DIFC Employment Law is to come into force on 28 August 2019 and will directly affect almost 24,000 employees based in the DIFC...

New immigration changes in Panama: SEM, Special Regularization Process and Aviation
Morgan & Morgan, June 2019

Executive Decree No. 238 of June 10, 2019 Requirements to apply for permanent residency for executives of Multinational Headquarters offices (“SEM” for its acronym in Spanish) As of June 11th, 2019, the requirements to apply for the Permanent Resident Permit for Executives of SEM companies who i) continue working at a SEM company, and ii) no longer work for a SEM company...

Trade and business secrets law enacted
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

It is here. The German Trade and Business Secrets Law (Geschäftsgeheimnisgesetz; GeschGehG) came into effect on April 26, 2019. Companies wishing to ensure protection of their business and trade secrets (such as customer, supplier and staff lists) in the future are required to take and document appropriate non-disclosure measures. This is effective immediately...

Unfounded fixed term ("previous employment")
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

Federal Labor Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht; BAG) dated January 23, 2019 – 7 AZR 733/16 The unfounded limitation of the term of an employment contract, when an employee is employed again by the same employer, is only permissible when and if the application of the prohibition of unfounded fixed-term employment under Sec. 14(2) s. 2 Part-Time and Fixed-Term Employment Law (Teilzeit- und Befristungsgesetz; TzBfG) would be unreasonable for the parties...

European court of justice (ECJ): member states must require employers to systematically record working hours
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

FACTS OF THE CASE Spanish working time law only requires that employers systematically measure their employees’ working hours in case of overtime...

No right of withdrawal after entering into a termination agreement
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, June 2019

BAG, ruling dated February 7, 2019 - 6 AZR 75/18 A termination agreement under labor law cannot be withdrawn pursuant to consumer protection regulations (Sec. 312(1) in combination with Sec. 312g, Sec. 355 German Civil Code (Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch; BGB)) only because it was concluded in the employee’s private home. In its ruling dated February 6, 2019 (Ref. No...

OBWC to Phase Out Coverage of OxyContin
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, June 2019

The Ohio Bureau of Workers’ Compensation will no longer offer coverage for OxyContin by the end of 2019. The agency announced this change, given the drug’s potential for abuse, misuse, addiction, and dependence. The BWC will no longer pay for OxyContin or generic forms of the medication for workers who suffer an industrial injury on or after June 1, 2019. Injured workers who are currently on OxyContin will have until Dec...

'Modernizing Ignitable Liquids Determinations' Proposed Rule
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, June 2019

On April 2, 2019, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published its proposed “Modernizing Ignitable Liquids Determinations” rule in the Federal Register.[1]  Ostensibly, the rule is, as described in its title, an effort to “modernize” – i.e., update – certain aspects of the regulations relating to determining whether a waste is a hazardous waste based on the characteristic of ignitability, which are found in 40 C.F.R. 261...

How to Choose the Right Payroll Provider for your Business
BoardRoom Limited, June 2019

When it comes to ensuring that every employee gets paid on time, many companies choose to outsource this payroll responsibility to professional firms...

6 Key Reasons To Outsource Your Company Payroll
BoardRoom Limited, June 2019

When it comes to running your business, time and resources are best dedicated to core functions that help generate profit and meet the expectations of your customers. The last thing you want to worry about is your payroll! Administrative tasks such as payroll are non-core activities that are time-consuming and can get more complicated as your organisation grows...

Time is of the Essence … Procedurally Speaking
ENSafrica, May 2019

Dismissals for misconduct are required to be for a fair reason and in accordance with a fair procedure. A fair procedure entails that disciplinary action be taken within a reasonable period of time.   In the recent decision inStokwe v Member of the Executive Council: Department of Education, the South African Constitutional Court highlighted this procedural requirement that disciplinary action must be taken within a reasonable period of time...

Don’t be a Sell-Out, But Working During Strike Action Could be a Bonus
ENSafrica, May 2019

  Most employers are familiar with the principle of “no work, no pay” in the context of strike action, but what about the concept of “work, pay, extra pay”? Can employers incentivise or reward non-striking employees who pick up the slack? This question was recently considered by the Labour Court inNational Union of Mineworkers obo Members v Cullinan Diamond Mine A Division of Petra Diamond (Pty) Ltd...

No Work Permit Required for Foreign Spouses of Mauritian Citizens Employed Prior to 8 March 2019
ENSafrica, May 2019

  An amendment to the Non-Citizen (Employment Restrictions) Exemptions Regulations, published through GN 55 of 2019, removed foreign spouses of Mauritian citizens from the category of non-citizens who were exempted from the requirement of a work permit for working in Mauritius. All foreign spouses of Mauritian citizens were therefore under an obligation to hold a valid work permit to be entitled to work lawfully in Mauritius...

The End of the Entrepreneur Visa?
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, May 2019

At the end of March, UK Visas and Immigration closed both the Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) and Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur) routes, replacing them with two new visa categories, the ‘Start-up’ and the ‘Innovator’, which are contained within a new Appendix W of the Immigration Rules...

Mergers and Acquisitions: Why Immigration Matters and How to Get it Right
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, May 2019

In an increasingly global world, an organisation’s ability to recruit and retain international talent plays an ever important and potentially business critical role. In the UK, the only way in which employers can directly employ many of these talented individuals is through obtaining a sponsor licence from the Home Office...

What Organisations Should be Doing Now to Recruit and Retain EU Workers Post-Brexit
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, May 2019

The Brexit referendum vote and its potential impact on free movement has already resulted in many businesses struggling to meet their labour needs; the number of EU migrants has declined markedly at a time when Scotland and the UK is enjoying record levels of employment. As a consequence, immigration has risen to the top of many organisations’ agendas to ensure they can recruit and retain the talent they need to grow their businesses and remain competitive...

New IRS Rules Allow Retirement Plan Sponsors to Self-Correct Broader Range of Plan Failures
Hanson Bridgett LLP, May 2019

The IRS recently issued a new version of its Employee Plans Compliance Resolution System ("EPCRS") that gives sponsors of tax-qualified retirement plans additional options for self-correcting plan failures. The new EPCRS allows plan sponsors to use the Self-Correction Program ("SCP") in several circumstances, rather than requiring a Voluntary Compliance Program (VCP) filing with the IRS and payment of the applicable user fee...

New Wage and Hour Data to be Collected by the Federal Government as Part of the EEO-1 Reporting Process
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, May 2019

Pursuant to Title VII and 42 U.S.C. Chapter 60, a company must annually file an EEO-1 Report with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Joint Reporting Committee (JRC) if it answers “yes” to any of the three jurisdictional questions: 1.       A company that has 100 or more employees; 2...

Schedule A Regulations Streamline the Process for Acquiring Permanent Residency for Registered Nurses and Physical Therapists
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, May 2019

Many employers currently have employees on staff on temporary work visas, and employers likely know that in order to continue to employ employees not born in the U.S., the employer must sponsor the employee for permanent residency in the U.S. (i.e,. a green card). The green card process has multiple steps, which, depending on a variety of factors, may take several years to complete...

Kentucky Court of Appeals Rules Employers Must be Represented by Licensed Attorneys in Unemployment Hearings?
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, April 2019

In an opinion released April 26 and designated for publication, the Kentucky Court of Appeals held the longstanding Kentucky law allowing a non-lawyer to represent a business entity at an administrative unemployment hearing is unconstitutional.[1] If upheld, this decision will have broad, statewide impact on how unemployment claims are handled in Kentucky...

Supreme Court Agrees to Hear Cases Determining Extent of Title VII Protection for LGBT Workers
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, April 2019

The Supreme Court of the United States announced three cases will be argued next term that could determine whether Title VII protects LGBT employees from workplace discrimination.  Title VII prohibits discrimination because of “race, color, religion, sex, or national origin,” but it does not explicitly mention sexual orientation or gender identity...

Have You Received a Social Security ‘No-Match Letter’? Things to Consider
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, April 2019

The Social Security Administration (SSA) confirmed it resumed issuing “No-Match Letters” in March 2019.  Officially called Employer Correction Requests, No-Match Letters inform an employer that the information reported on an individual employer’s W-2 form (or an employer’s quarterly tax filing) does not match the SSA’s records...

Kentucky Expands Protections for Pregnant Workers
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, April 2019

On April 9, 2019, Gov. Matt Bevin signed into law the Kentucky Pregnant Workers Act (KYPWA), which expands protections for pregnant employees under the Kentucky Civil Rights Act, KRS 344.010, et seq. Reasonable Accommodations for Pregnancy Effective June 27, 2019, employers with 15 or more employees in Kentucky in at least 20 calendar weeks in the current or preceding year will be required to provide reasonable accommodations for pregnancy, childbirth, and related medical conditions...

Labour Code Changes Due to the GDPR
Szecskay Attorneys at Law, April 2019

Due to the GDPR, the Hungarian Parliament passed a law on 1 April concerning changes to a number of acts containing data protection provisions. The Hungarian Labour Code is one of the laws that has been changed. The new law is expected to be published soon and its rules, which affect quite a number of data controllers, will become applicable on the 15th day following their publication. It can be expected that the new rules will become effective around 1 May...

NLRB Shifts Position on Successor Employers
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, April 2019

A recent decision by the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), Ridgewood Health Care Center, Inc. (Ridgewood), has changed how the Board will define a “perfectly clear successor” when evaluating whether an employer is bound by an existing collective bargaining agreement (CBA) after acquiring another business...

Successor Employers Acquiring Unionized Workforces Benefit From NLRB Decision
Hanson Bridgett LLP, April 2019

In a recent case involving a health care facility, the NLRB issued a 3-1 decision that significantly changed a successor employer's bargaining obligations before imposing the initial terms and conditions of employment on a unionized workforce. While seemingly favorable to employers, the decision also serves as a reminder to companies that they should act cautiously and consult with counsel before they take over a business with a unionized workforce...

Worker Participation of the Works Council in Employee Survey
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, April 2019

The recent decision of the FOPH (FOPH, decision of 11.12.2018 - 1 ABR 13/17) gives additional grounds for further clarifying the practical question of to what extent the conduct of an employee survey is subject to worker participation by the works council. The Respondent - a parent company of a postal and logistics company - has been carrying out an annual Group-wide employee survey since 2007 using a standardized electronic questionnaire...

Age Limit - Postponing the Termination Date
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, April 2019

Federal Labor Court, ruling of 19 December 2018 - 7 AZR 70/17 The provision of Sec. 41 p. 3 Social Code (SGB) VI allows employers and employees to postpone the termination of the employment relationship upon reaching the regular retirement age of the employee. According to a ruling of the German Federal Labor Court (BAG) of 19 December 2018 (Ref. 7 AZR 70/17), this regulation is compatible with higher-ranking law...

Leave Reduction During Parental Leave Period Not in Breach of European Law
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, April 2019

FOPH of March 19, 2019 - 9 AZR 362/18 The statutory leave entitlement according to Sec. 1, 3 Federal Leave Act (BUrlG) also exists for the period of parental leave, but may be reduced by the employer pursuant to Sec. 17 (1) (1) Federal Parental Allowance and Parental Leave Act (BEEG). This requires a legal declaration completed upon receipt aimed at reduction. Sec. 17 (1) BEEG is in line with EU law...

Participation of the Representative Body for Severely Disabled Persons During the Dismissal Process
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, April 2019

(FOPH, Ruling of 12.13.2018, 2 AZR 378/18) In a very helpful decision for the practice, the FOPH has commented on the procedure for consulting with the representative body for severely disabled persons before dismissals. It is sufficient for the employer to consult the representative body for severely disabled persons before notice of dismissal in accordance with the basic principles applicable to the participation of the works council pursuant to Sec...

European Whistleblowing Directive will be Effective as of April 2019
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, April 2019

At European and national level, discussions have been going on for years on how best to protect the so-called whistleblowers from being victims of retaliation measures by those whose actions they have uncovered. Whistleblowers are persons who, as "insiders" (such as employees) disclose dubious practices of the institutions they serve. Here we think first and foremost of persons such as Edward Snowden, whose disclosures were directed against state measures...

Beware: Violations Of State Safety Requirements Bring Penalties For Both State Fund and Self-Insured Employers
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, April 2019

Recently, Dinsmore has noticed an uptake in claimant allegations that an employer has caused an accident due to violation of a specific safety requirement (VSSR). A VSSR award is an additional award paid to the employee by the Bureau of Workers’ Compensation (BWC) billed directly to state fund employers or paid directly by a self-insured employer...

Department of Labor Announces Proposed Joint Employer Rule
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, April 2019

On April 1, 2019, the Department of Labor announced it will publish a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend its existing regulations, currently codified at 29 C.F.R. part 791, regarding whether a business qualifies as a joint employer under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). The FLSA requires covered employers to pay nonexempt employees at least the federal minimum wage for all hours worked and overtime for all hours worked more than 40 in one workweek...

DOL Proposes Another Major FLSA Rule Change: This Time on Calculating the “Regular Rate of Pay” for Overtime
Dykema, March 2019

Earlier this month, the DOL published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (“NPRM”) to increase the minimum salary level most exempt employees must be paid in order for them to be deemed exempt from the FLSA’s overtime pay requirements. For a summary of that proposal,click here. The comment period for the proposed changes will close in late May, and it is anticipated that the salary level rules will be finalized and implemented in early 2020...

Personal Data: Comprehensive Right to Information of the Employee - A Threat to the Anonymity of Whistleblowers?
Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek, March 2019

The Regional Labor Court (LAG) of Baden-Württemberg, in its ruling of December 20, 2018 (Ref. 17 Sat 11/18), granted an employee a comprehensive right to information against his employer with regard to all personal data collected about his person. The right to information was explicitly confirmed in relation to personal data resulting from internal investigations and data from potential whistleblowers...

Entry into Force of the Law Introducing One Additional Day of Annual Paid Leave and One Additional Public Holiday
Arendt & Medernach, March 2019

Today, on the 27th March 2019, the bill of law 7399 amending articles L. 232-2 and L. 233-4 of the Labour Code as well as article 28-1 of the amended law of 16th April 1979 establishing the general status of public servants (hereinafter the "Law") was passed by the Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies. The leitmotif underpinning the Law is the same as that for the parental leave reform in 2016, namely enabling employees to achieve a greater balance between their private and professional lives...

ADR Agreements Acceptable Condition of Employment Under Kentucky Statutory Amendment
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, March 2019

Employers in Kentucky are now expressly permitted to require an employee or prospective employee to agree to arbitrate or engage in some form of alternative dispute resolution as a condition of employment. On March 25, 2019, Gov. Matt Bevin signed a statutory amendment authorizing this change to KRS § 336.700. This law applies retroactively to agreements that have already been executed by employees before March 25, 2019. This amended statute does a number of things...

Are Professional Athletes Employees?
Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP, March 2019

A number of cases have looked at worker status in recent years, focused mostly around the ‘gig economy’ with claims against companies including Uber and Deliveroo. The gig economy typically involves individuals working in temporary positions in the service industry, such as food delivery or private couriering. The sharp increase in the number of people working in this sector has led to a huge shift in the cultural and business environment...

Article on India Employment Laws - Special Allowances Under the Employees Provident Fund (EPF) Act Need to be Special
Kochhar & Co. Advocates & Legal Consultants, March 2019

Special allowances under the EPF Act need to be special On February 28, 2019, the Supreme Court of India passed a landmark order on whether special allowances fall within the scope and meaning of “basic wages” under the Employees Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 (the “EPF Act”)...

New Advisory Opinion from Ethics Commission Impacts Substitute Teachers
Dinsmore & Shohl LLP, March 2019

The West Virginia Ethics Commission issued a new Advisory Opinion on March 7, 2019, which is going to impact the way some teachers arrange for substitutes. The opinion sought was whether it is a violation of the Ethics Act for teachers to prearrange a relative to substitute teach in their absence or place relatives on a preferred list of substitutes for their classrooms...

California Supreme Court Rules No Vested Right to Airtime Purchases; Leaves California Rule Intact
Hanson Bridgett LLP, March 2019

On March 4, 2019, the California Supreme Court ruled in Cal Fire Local 2881 et. al. v. California Public Employees' Retirement System that public retirement system members do not have a vested right to purchase "airtime" – nonqualified service credit unrelated to public service...

Non-Employers may Approach the Labour Court for Interdictory Relief Against Unregistered Trade Unions
ENSafrica, March 2019

In the recent matter ofVodacom & others v the National Association of South African Workers and 1 other, which was handed down on 4 March 2019, the South African Labour Court grappled with the issue of its jurisdiction to grant interdictory relief against a trade union where the entity seeking the relief is not the employer of the trade union’s members. The Labour Court also dealt with the rights of unregistered trade unions...

Precautionary Suspension: Do Employees Have the Right to Make Representations?
ENSafrica, March 2019

  If an employer suspects an employee of committing an act of misconduct, it is possible that the employer will want to place that employee on what is usually referred to as a “precautionary suspension”. The question that arises is whether the employer must give the employee a chance to make representations on why he or she should not to be suspended, prior to a decision being taken in this regard...

 

 

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