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Delphi | January 2005

A trademark is any sign which, in the course of trade, can distinguish the goods or services from those of other undertakings. Trademarks are often also used as indications of a certain quality or life style (such as Lancome® trademark represents the luxury cosmetics) or as a marketing tool (such as the IKEA® and VOLVO® marks, which are featured not only on furniture but also on their services) ...

Delphi | December 2004

In Denmark, Norway and Sweden, the ownership and rights to intellectual property conceived and put into to practice by researchers employed by the universities have historically rested with the researchers themselves. This system is now rapidly changing to a model more similar to the way in which US universities handle their intellectual property; universities become responsible for stakeholders in such intellectual property ...

Shepherd and Wedderburn LLP | December 2004

Employers often find themselves stuck between a rock and a hard place when trying to manage employees who are pregnant. If the employer gets it wrong, he faces the potential for claims of sex discrimination and the possibility of a finding of automatic unfair dismissal. This can not only tarnish his reputation but hit him hard in the pocket too ...

Asters | December 2004

Ukrainian tax authorities are notorious for their practice of failing to return VAT advance payments on time. This problem appears to be of an economic rather than legal nature and persists due to the constant shortage of budget funds, which are most commonly spent for purposes other than proper VAT rebates. Ultimately, the state is unwilling and often unable to refund VAT in the proper way, and so is continuously credited at the expense of local taxpayers ...

Asters | November 2004

One of the key sectors of the Oil & Gas industry is the extraction of oil, gas and gas condensate hereinafter to be referred as carbohydrates (“CH”). For businesses involved in CH extraction, the two key assets are the extraction licence and the oil or gas well (“CH Well”). This article throws light on light on the legal concept of a CH Well in Ukranian Law and its application to the ownership issue ...

Asters | October 2004

The JIA or the Joint Investment Activity Agreement is a legal document on the basis of which thousands of tones of carbohydrates become privately owned in Ukraine everyday. Presently the JIA Agreement dominates the production of carbohydrates and this situation does not seem to be about to change in the near future. The article goes on to describe various JIA’s ...

Asters | October 2004

Practically everyday new companies in Ukraine are entering international financial markets through attraction of loans from international financial institutions (IFI), placement of Eurobonds, etc. Some of them would certainly soon start thinking of Initial Public Offerings (IPO) and similar instruments. In this overview the author tries to shed light on some very important but rather hidden prerequisites for success in doing so ...

Even if an idea for a new invention only exists in the mind of an employee, that idea belongs to the company…unless the contract of employment clearly states otherwise! The importance of ensuring that contracts of employment cover this area has been brought into sharp focus by a recent case in Texas, where the rules are very similar to those in the UK ...

Delphi | July 2004

In The Euromoney Global Insurance Handbook 2004, Delphi & Co worked on the Swedish Ministry of Justice’s bill for a new Insurance Contract Act, which was heavily criticised in Sweden at the time. On May 19, 2004, after more than 10 years of processing, the Swedish Government presented a slightly modified bill for the Swedish Parliament (“the Bill”) ...

A&L Goodbody LLP | July 2004

This report provides a comprehensive account of the Government’s Public Capital Program and contains a detailed list of contacts responsible for planning and procuring major infrastructure projects. This report aims to inform the reader about the future opportunities which will flow under the Irish Government’s infrastructure investment program ...

Kocian Solc Balastik | July 2004

This publication includes the latest developments in Trade for the European Union. This issue contains information on takeover bids under company law, abridged registration of pharmaceuticals, fine for cartel of steel producers, free movement of biocides, labeling of foodstuffs, compensation to crime victims and restriction on alcohol advertising for sports events ...

Asters | April 2004

Advertising in Ukraine is regulated mainly by the Advertising Act (the “Act”). Some aspects are also regulated by the TV and Radio Broadcasting Act, Printed Mass Media Act, Protection Against Unfair Competition Act, Copyright and Related Rights Act, Protection of Rights to Trademarks Act, Protection of Consumer Rights, Languages Act and others.The Act has recently become one of the most publicly debated laws in Ukraine ...

Asters | April 2004

by Igor Shevchenko and Michael Kharenko, Shevchenko Didkovskiy & Partners The need for corporate governance regulation evolved as Ukraine gained its independence and began its transformation to a market economy. Privatisation of state companies has led to their reorganisation into joint stock companies with a diverse ownership base ...

Asters | February 2004

1. Introduction With the further globalization of the world financial infrustructure accompanied by the persisting lack of international coordination in fiscal affairs? increasingly the attention of the major developed countries (in particular, such groupings as G 7 and G 10) is turned to the problems of erosion of national tax bases and international tax evasion/avoidance, as well as the role played in it be so-called tax haven ...

Shoosmiths LLP | February 2004

International companies can now breathe a sigh of relief following the Court of Appeal’s decision in Serco – v- Lawson which considered the vexed issue of whether Employment Tribunals can hear claims of unfair dismissal notwithstanding the fact that the employee might not work in Great Britain. Section 196 of the Employment Rights Act 1996 used to prevent employees ordinarily working outside Great Britain from complaining of unfair dismissal to an Employment Tribunal ...

Asters | February 2004

On 1 January 2004 Ukraine woke up to the new personal income tax. A development of the previous individual income taxation, this tax is, if anything more sophisticated. Its novelties will have a lasting impact on many of the tax planning strategies involving individuals. Without attempting a comprehensive analysis of the new tax, this article offers an outline of some of its major implications for tax planning. A ...

Shoosmiths LLP | January 2004

This Guide is intended to act as a general guide for businesses which are contemplating moving into the United Kingdom.Click on the link below to view the guide ...

Asters | January 2004

Corporate law issues in Ukraine are mainly regulated by the 1991 Enterprises Act, 1991 Companies Act, 1991 Ownership Act, 1991 Securities and Stock Exchange Act, and 1996 State Regulation of the Stock Market in Ukraine Act. As we can see, the majority of Acts laying down the basic concepts and principles of Ukrainian corporate law date back to 1991, when Ukraine gained its independence ...

Asters | January 2004

On its way to a market economy, one of the primary tasks facing Ukraine is the development of its financial markets and, inevitably, elaboration of its finance laws. Although much remains to be done, the passing year has brought several major developments in the area of finance law: (a) introduction of the anti-money laundering system, (b) tightening of exchange controls and (c) further dramatic growth of the bond market, including the issue of corporate and municipal Eurobonds ...

Shoosmiths LLP | January 2004

Considerable publicity and a sense of shock surrounded a judgment of the Competition Appeal Tribunal (CAT) published on 3 December in relation to a proposed merger of two companies involved in the supply of data systems to the NHS. The judgment focuses on how decisions are reached by the bodies responsible for UK merger control and, in particular, the degree of discretion given to the OFT to clear cases without ordering a full four month inquiry ...

PLMJ | November 2003

The Labour Code has not made profound changes to the system governing the termination of employment contracts ...

PLMJ | November 2003

From among the special forms of contracting employment, special reference should be made, as it is an innovation, to the possibility of an employee being bound simultaneously to several employers provided there are corporate or organisation relations between them, by way of a contract in writing stating which of the employers represents the others in the performance thereof. Where these requirements are not met, the employee will be free to choose to which employer he/she wishes to be bound ...

PLMJ | November 2003

Many amendments have been made by the Labour Code in the area of working hours. One of the most relevant is the possibility of regular working hours being established in terms of an average, subject to an agreement being reached between the employer and the employee ...

PLMJ | November 2003

From among the innovations brought by the Labour Code, noteworthy is the express recognition of what are known as “personality rights” set forth in Articles 15 to 21 of the Code. To be considered, however, is that our legal system has long acknowledged the existence of this category of rights, which characteristically encompass the vital aspects of human personality and are acquired at birth and, as such, classifies such rights as universal ...

PLMJ | November 2003

In terms of geographical mobility, the Labour Code has maintained the prohibition of the employer transferring the employee to another workplace, save where the interests of the company so require and this change does not entail a serious loss for the employee, where the transfer results from the total or partial moving of the establishment where the employee works, in the cases provided for in collective bargaining agreements or where the employee agrees to the transfer ...

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