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ENSafrica | April 2016

South African Minister of Economic Development, Ebrahim Patel, has announced that, from 1 May 2016, cartel conduct (price fixing, market allocation and collusive tendering) comprises criminal activity. Directors or persons with management responsibility who participate in cartel conduct or who are aware of cartel conduct and fail to take appropriate action can be criminally prosecuted ...

Kocian Solc Balastik | June 2020

Category B has been extended until the end of August 2020 and the government has approved a new form of support – Category C!   Are you considering how to maintain employment of your employees and minimize economic losses? Take a look at what financial instruments the state has prepared for entrepreneurs whose employees have been affected, directly or indirectly, by government measures taken to combat coronavirus ...

Haynes and Boone | January 2011

Earlier this month, the Court of Appeals of Texas, Third District, Austin, reinstated a “control person” claim under the Texas Securities Act (“TSA”) against Merrill Lynch Pierce Fenner & Smith Inc. related to a former broker’s allegedly fraudulent outside sales transactions. David Fernea v. Merrill Lynch Pierce Fenner & Smith, Inc., No. 03-09-00566-CV (Tex. App. –Austin, Jan. 7, 2011). Allegations ...

ENSafrica | April 2020

On 1 April 2020, the Supreme Court of Appeal (“SCA”) granted an appeal against an order of Acting Justice Kose in the Cape Town High Court in favour of The Agricultural Research Council (ARC) (Bergh and Others v The Agricultural Research Council (Case no 93/2019) [2020] ZASCA 30). The appeal was against an order interdicting the appellants from infringing the ARC’s copyright in the BeefPro computer program and from unlawfully competing with the ARC ...

ALRUD Law Firm | May 2022

InvitationDear Ladies and Gentlemen,ALRUD Law Firm is honored to invite you to participate in our webinar:Foreign Business in Russia: What to Do and How to Mitigate Your Risks?The initial shock has passed, and the time has come to summarise the new legal regime as it pertains to your foreign business in Russia. In recent months, we have been assisting numerous foreign clients from different industries in developing and implementing solutions concerning their foreign business in Russia ...

ENSafrica | March 2016

The South African Labour Courts have, until now, not had the opportunity to consider what impact, if any, a so-called “gardening leave” provision may have on the enforceability of a restraint of trade. This issue, among others, came before the Labour Court in Johannesburg in the case ofVodacom v Godfrey Motsa and MTN Group (J74/16). Judgment was handed down by Van Niekerk J on 9 February 2016 ...

ENSafrica | May 2016

ENSafrica successfully represented Virgin Active in a South African Advertising Standards Authority (“ASA”) matter, regarding a Virgin Active TV advertisement that used the expression “get off your ass”. The case in question is S Jack & others v Virgin Active South Africa (Pty) Ltd, and the ruling was handed down on 26 February 2016. The point of the advertisement was to persuade people to start working out at Virgin Active gyms ...

Shoosmiths LLP | February 2021

Many of us chuckled at the viral video of a Texan lawyer who appeared at a remote court hearing as a cat. This unfortunate filter mishap does, however, act as a warning to all lawyers to check their settings before attending remote hearings as it looks like they are here to stay. Over the last 12 months, the use of virtual court hearings has sky-rocketed (perhaps unsurprisingly) in the wake of the COVID pandemic ...

Han Kun Law Offices | December 2021

On December 6, 2021, the State Administration for Market Regulation issued a circular to seek public comments on a draft of the Measures for Determination of Illegal Gains in Administrative Penalty Cases by Administrations for Market Regulation (Draft for Comment) (the “Draft Measures”), which is open for public comment until January 5, 2022 ...

Deacons | July 2020

Did you know? The Hong Kong courts are now relaxing the legal test on what is a “penalty” to allow a wider range of agreed damages in commercial contracts. Why does this matter to you? It is notoriously difficult and time consuming (not to mention costly!) to assess damages for breach of contract which must be proved by the innocent party ...

Dykema | June 2018

After not disturbing the Third-Party Doctrine for more than 40 years, the Supreme Court created a significant exception to it inCarpenter v. United States. Slip Op., 16-402 (Jun. 22, 2018). Under the Third-Party Doctrine, individuals who voluntarily provide personal information to third parties are deemed to relinquish their legitimate reasonable expectation of privacy in that information ...

Beccar Varela | September 2015

TYPES OF LIMITED COMPANIES AND SHARES1. What are the main types of companies with limited liabilityand shareholders? Which is the most common? Which typedo foreign investors most commonly use?The most common types of companies that enjoy limited liabilityare the Sociedad Anónima (SAs) and the Sociedad deResponsabilidad Limitada (SRLs), and these are the main types ofcompanies with limited liability. Joint stock companies (Sociedaden Comandita por Acciones) are also common ...

Dinsmore & Shohl LLP | October 2022

Recently, President Biden announced an executive order to pardon all federal marijuana possession charges. The President also urged governors to do the same at the state level saying, “Just as no one should be in a federal prison solely due to the possession of marijuana, no one should be in a local jail or state prison for that reason, either.”  While President Biden’s pardons signal a step toward overhauling U.S ...

PLMJ | April 2006

The Portuguese legal system has had a competition law regime in force for more than two decades. Nonetheless, only recently did economic agents begin to show more awareness towards its existence, that is to say, to feel its effects ...

Haynes and Boone | April 2012

Until recently, individuals considering cooperating with an SEC investigation had a difficult time determining whether a tangible benefit would result from cooperation. Two releases issued by the SEC in the past month demonstrate how the SEC has begun to apply its Cooperation Initiative and give new insight into how the SEC evaluates and credits cooperation in determining sanctions against individuals ...

Shoosmiths LLP | May 2021

The internet may be global, but enforcement is always local—and there are plenty of (expensive) ways to find out the wrong way that you should have been doing something where you might not expect it. A typical example is the legal requirement to appoint an EU data protection representative if you’re not based in the EU, or a UK representative if you’re not based in the UK ...

So, you want to start a hemp company in Alabama. You have your big idea and a business plan ready, but you begin to wonder whether you should be thinking about any legal issues as you get your company off the ground. That’s where we come in. Bradley’s Cannabis Industry team has a deep understanding of the many unique legal and business issues that impact hemp companies in Alabama and beyond ...

On January 6, 2021, the Small Business Administration (the “SBA”) and the Department of Treasury released an Interim Final Rule called “Business Loan Program Temporary Changes; Paycheck Protection Second Draw Loans” (“Second Draw Rules”). These rules announced the implementation of section 311 of the Economic Aid to Hard-Hit Small Businesses, Nonprofits, and Venues Act (the “Economic Aid Act”) ...

Haynes and Boone | May 2017

In this article we outline 12 key elements that are critical components of a rock-solid compliance program for participants in commodity markets. We start with creating a “culture of regulatory compliance,” which pervades a company from top to bottom, and then work our way through day-to-day policies and steps you can take to minimize your company’s risk of non-compliance ...

Dinsmore & Shohl LLP | March 2019

As seen in Bank Director A bank’s board of directors must answer to a variety of constituencies, including shareholders, regulatory agencies, customers and employees. At times those constituencies may have competing interests or priorities. Other times, what may appear to be competing interests are actually variations of aligned interests ...

Waller | August 2014

 With the twelfth anniversary of the implementation of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 (“SOX”) swiftly approaching, it may or may not be coincidental that the SEC has been involved in several SOX-related enforcement actions recently, including (i) bringing charges against the CEO and former CFO of a Florida-based computer equipment company for misrepresenting the state of its internal controls over financial reporting and (ii) awarding more than $400,000 to a whistleblower who reported fra

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