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 AUTHOR: Lynn Lazaro Partner, Kochhar & Co. Bangalore Office EMAIL: [email protected] NFTs have been around since 2015 on the Ethereum blockchain and have significantly grown over the years especially in the digital art industry. However, not all NFTs are art related. Some NFTs are also attached to physical products where they could act like security. “NFT” basically stands for a “non-fungible token” ...

  Kochhar & Co. advised UK-based integrated manufacturing-services and power products company, Volex plc on its acquisition of majority stake in inYantra Technologies Pvt Ltd, an electronics design and manufacturing services company for USD 13 million (approx. INR 100 crore). The transaction entailed subscription to fresh equity issued by inYantra Technologies as also purchase of equity from the existing shareholders, by Volex plc through its Indian subsidiary ...

Investing in India can be challenging in view of the myriad of laws at both the Central and State level, as well as cumbersome sector specific requirements. Many-a-times, foreign investors tie up with Indian promoters to overcome these hurdles. However, difficulties get amplified when they get embroiled in litigation / arbitration with Indian promoters over issues related to mismanagement, control, earn-out payments etc ...

GLIMPSES OF UNION BUDGET 2022 With the economy riding on the twin waves of rapid economic growth and increased tax collections, the Union Budget for 2022-23 was presented by the Hon’ble Finance Minister on February 1, 2022. A wide gamut policy and tax matters were outlined by the Minister in her speech, many of which found its way into the Finance Bill. We have put together the key takeaways for direct tax and indirect tax from the Union Budget. Trust this would be helpful ...

HIGHLIGHTS OF UNION BUDGET 2022-2023 Key Indirect Tax Proposals Special Economic Zones Act to be replaced Special Economic Zones Act is set to be replaced with a new legislation, under which Customs administration would be IT driven, and a Customs National Portal would be set up for this purpose. This is being done to encourage paperless processing and ease of doing business ...

HIGHLIGHTS OF UNION BUDGET 2022-2023 Key Direct Tax Proposals Personal Taxation Tax rates, TDS rates, Standard deduction and relief for savings etc. remain unchanged. Rates of surcharge have been rationalized in case of Long - term capital gain other than listed shares, and for Cooperative societies. Medical relief provided by employers or any other person in relation to COVID-19 will be exempt from F.Y. 2019-20 onwards ...

Union budget 2022-2023 Expectations Overview The economy of the resurgent India is expecting a road map with the upcoming Union Budget 2022-23. The Budget speech is likely to pen down new reforms and policies that helps the economy to maintain a sustained growth rate. Accomplishing this shall rather be dependent on the ability and the capacity to locate additional revenue sources by striking a balancing of the expenses ...

Introduction The Joint Committee of Parliament (“Committee”) appointed to review the draft Personal Data Protection Bill submitted its report to Parliament on December 16, 2021. The report also includes a revised draft Bill which has now been renamed as the Data Protection Bill, 2021 (“Bill”). As there is less than a week left of the winter session of Parliament, it is very unlikely the Bill will be passed by Parliament in 2021 ...

Whither Advance Ruling under Income tax law? ‘Prevention is better than cure’ is an adage that applies equally to litigation - specially to tax litigation. Towards this end and based on several committee reports starting from Wanchoo Committee (1971) to Choksi Committee (1978) and Raja Chelliah Committee (1993), the Government eventually introduced a mechanism for advance rulings by inserting a new Chapter XIX-B in Income Tax Act 1961 (the Act) ...

Author(s) Senior Partner, Nishant Menon and Associate, Nikhil Bhatia The Supreme Court of India on 6th August 2021 in Amazon.com NV Investment Holdings LLC v Future Retail Limited & Others handed down a seminal decision in relation to enforcement of an Emergency Arbitrator’s (“EA”) award. The ruling has great significance as it furthers India’s mission of being a pro-arbitration State where there is greater ease of doing business ...

Background: Article 10 of the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (“CSC”) (which India ratified in 2016) allows ratifying states, through domestic legislation, to provide that in the even of a nuclear incident, the operator shall have a right of recourse against the supplier only if: (a) it is expressly provided for by a written contract; or (b) if the nuclear incident results from an act or omission done with intent to cause damage, against the indiv

The World Trade Organization (‘WTO’) has always been of the view that Indian export subsidy schemes like Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (‘MEIS’), Export Oriented Units (‘EOUs’), Service Export Incentive Schemes are principally in violation to the Subsidies and Countervailing Measures Agreement (‘SCM Agreement’) ...

Japan has a history of investment and joint ventures in India. Foreign direct investment from Japan increased to USD35 billion between 2000-2020, with USD10 billion worth of inbound mergers and acquisitions in 2015-2020 alone. Factors including geopolitical realignments in Asia, excess global liquidity and a new, incentive-based manufacturing regime in India mean that the economic relationship between India and Japan in high-value manufacturing is likely to expand further ...

Even after four years of the introduction of Goods and Service Tax, there is a lack of clarity on many substantive and procedural issues. One such issue is the absence of complete relief from the ill effects of an inverted duty structure, that is where the GST rate paid on purchases is more than the GST rate payable on sales, resulting in an accumulation of credits. The difficulty arises because the taxpayer has to pay tax to its vendors on its purchases in cash ...

The Finance Minister of India in the 2021-22 Union Budget had announced that the Government proposes to review 400 exemption notifications.  The exemption on more than 150 items, currently exempted under Notifications Nos. 14/2006-Customs dated 01.03.2006, 26/2011-Customs dated 01.03.2011 and 50/2017-Customs dated 30.06.2017 could be axed.  The Telecom, Information Technology, Wind Power, Textiles and Pharmaceuticals are a few of the affected sectors ...

The question whether exclusive jurisdiction of an Arbitration proceeding can be vested on the basis of the Seat of Arbitration irrespective of any cause of action having arisen at the place of the said seat has been debated now for some time before various Courts ...

On June 23, 2021, the Department of Telecom (“DoT”) released revised regulations relating to Other Service Providers (“OSP”) replacing the previous OSP regulations that were issued last year. This client update provides a summary of key issues that have been addressed by the new regulations. SUMMARY OF NEW OSP REGULATIONS Effective Date. The regulations are stated to come into force immediately ...

The world is in an upheaval now with the pandemic raging for over a year. The discussions and decisions that probably would never have been made a few years ago are being made today in the interest of the greater good and the public at large. When Bill Gates expressed his reservations against lifting IP protection on vaccine patents, it left the world reeling and his comments understandably criticised by experts and laymen alike ...

JURISPRUDENCE Amazon Seller Services Pvt. Ltd. & Ors. v. Amway India Enterprises Pvt. Ltd. & Ors. (Delhi High Court)1  The Division Bench of the Delhi High Court reversed the prior order which had restrained various e-commerce platforms like Amazon, Flipkart and Snapdeal - from enabling sale of products of 'direct selling' companies without their consent. The Court held that the Direct Selling Guidelines of 2016 are not the law and are only advisory in nature ...

The statutory framework for copyright in India encompasses the Copyright Act, 1957 (“CA”) and the Copyright Rules, 2013 (“CR”). This now stands amended in the form of Copyright (Amendment) Rules, 2021 (“CAR”) by the Central Government by virtue of powers conferred under section 78 of the CA. The Ministry of Commerce & Industry (Govt. of India) has duly notified this amendment[1] under Gazette notification bearing number G.S.R ...

The protracted legal battle between software giant Oracle America Inc. (“Oracle”) and technology behemoth Google LLC (“Google”) has truly been one for the ages. The Supreme Court of the United States of America (“SCOTUS”) on 05 April 2021 delivered its judgment in the writ of Certiorari filed by Google against Oracle ...

This article has been updated based on the available information until 20th February 2021. As Government notifications are constantly revised, it is advisable to consult your attorney or visit the website of the relevant Government agency prior to travelling. Further, in additional to the guidelines published by the Central Government, passengers are also requested to refer to State specific official websites to be well informed about any additional requirements ...

The Copyright Office of the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) has invited comments and suggestions to amend the Copyright Act before November 30, 2020. Mid last year, the DPIIT proposed a set of amendments to the Indian Copyright Rules. While these amendments sought to increase transparency and provide clarity for right holders, many other essential modifications were overlooked ...

The Government of India has been very active in putting in place the necessary framework to implement the objectives of the ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’. The ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’ or a program of self-reliance announced by the Government of India intends to focus on the five key pillars of economy, infrastructure, system, vibrant demography, and demand ...

The Copyright Office of the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) has invited comments and suggestions to amend the Copyright Act before November 30, 2020. Mid last year, the DPIIT proposed a set of amendments to the Indian Copyright Rules. While these amendments sought to increase transparency and provide clarity for right holders, many other essential modifications were overlooked ...

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